Did you know knee replacement surgery is among the few most common surgical operations in the world? One study cites that there are over 3.5 million times when these knee replacement procedures were done in 1991 to the 2000 year alone, in the world. Many patients travel from different parts of the world to India to get this surgical procedure done at low costs. Having said that, experts predict these figures are about to get doubled by the year 2030.
If you are someone who has stiffness and pain in the knee joint that may limit you from doing certain day-to-day activities, your doctor may suggest this surgery. Knee replacement surgery usually provides long-lasting relief. This surgical procedure aids in alleviating the knee pain and to rectify the knee deformity in the best possible way. Undergoing knee arthroscopy is the best way to treat the problem caused by any previous knee surgery or arthritis. This surgical procedure primarily involves removing an affected or damaged knee joint and replacing it with any metal or artificial part made of metal or plastic. According to orthopedic professionals, this surgery is effective and safe in the long run. In fact, there are more than 97% of people who have undergone this procedure and don’t face any major complications in the future.
Knee Replacement Facts You Should Know
Knee replacement implants
The knee replacement procedure involves eliminating diseased joint lining in the knees and implanting some artificial implants that function as a normal knee. Based on the type of damage and severity of the pain, your orthopedic surgeon will suggest to you if you need a total knee replacement or partial knee replacement. Today, there are different types of knee replacement available to treat many problems. A surgeon will determine the right prosthesis, considering your weight, lifestyle, the severity of the joint deterioration, gender, and some more aspects. After knowing all such things, your orthopedic surgeon is going to decide on the possible range of motion, its wear resistance capacity, and the stability of the materials used in the knee implants.
Risks in a knee replacement surgical procedure
Even though this surgical procedure is safe, there are still certain risks in it. It is thus vital to know about them to avoid any complications ahead. However, getting blood clots is the most common one, and there is no exception in knee replacement surgery. This can be avoided by having blood-thinning medications, and for that, you must consult your doctor. Other than this, the infection of a joint replacement is another common risk. Many times, these infections occur in implanted joints, which is indeed a major problem. But such risks can be avoided by following certain measures at the time of the surgery. Too often, antibiotics are given before and after the surgery to minimize the risk of infection. Other than it, you must check whether the surgeon follows sterilization techniques or not.
Many people undergo knee arthroscopy to serve ligament damage, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and bone dysplasia.
Things that help determine the right time to undergo the surgery
Knee replacement surgery is a major type of surgical procedure, and to make the most out, one needs to know the right time to undergo the operation. Many times, people aged between 65 to 80 needs to get this operation done. Sometimes, younger patients having certain knee problems may also require undergoing this surgery. In case if there’s someone who is diagnosed with osteoarthritis, then the doctor may recommend a person to get this surgery done. Too often, undergoing a knee replacement surgery gets too essential, and the surgery seems to be the only option to treat the problem. So, in that case, it would be the best bet for you to undergo knee replacement surgery.
Reasons for a knee replacement surgical procedure
Well, this surgical procedure is considered only if other forms of treatment are ineffective. In this, some of the most common forms of treatments include pain medications, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, glucosamine, physical therapy, injections in the knee joints that primarily add lubrication to the knee joint and make the knee movements cause no pain. One other important factor that is considered prior to the surgery is the weight of the patient. Many times, in such situations, weight loss is one of the most recommended things.
While doing this surgery, the doctor removes the affected and damaged knee and resurfaces it with the prosthesis. Today the most common type of artificial knee is a cemented prosthesis. Gone are the days when un-cemented ones were used, today those are outdated ones and are no longer used by the orthopedic surgeons. Once a person is done with this surgical procedure, he or she usually requires staying at the hospital, and soon after that, you will be asked to do physical therapy to bring your knee back into action. There will be a complete exercise routine that one needs to follow with a post-operative care routine to ensure the recovery happens appropriately. A replaced knee lasts typically for almost 15 to 20 years. It is just that you need to get a professional and the best orthopedic doctor in Chandigarh by your end, who ensures everything is done in the right way. If you are not sure whom to choose, it would be best to do a search on the internet or ask your friends, family, or other known ones to recommend you with some great and compassionate orthopedic surgeon.